Guide of waterfall

[Waterfall] : A stream of water that falls almost vertically from the edge of a high cliff

 There are said to be roughly 4 ways of the formation of waterfall: First, formation by banked up river due to lava from volcano; second, by the different levels created on the riverbed due to crustal movement; third, by the gradual erosion on the riverbed due to the current; and finally, by the underflow water sprung from the rock surface.
 The size and type differ depending on how and when it was formed.
There are 6 types of waterfalls: Plunge, Cascade, Segmented, Block, Subsurface Current, and Fan

Types of Waterfall

  • Cascade

    Plunge Waterfall (直瀑)

    Waterfalls that water falls straight
    from the top to the plunge pool vertically.
    The longer the length of the drop, the more dynamic the waterfall looks.

    choku*

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  • Cascade

    Cascade Waterfall (段瀑)

    Waterfalls that water descends over
    several steps.
    It looks different
    depending on the structure of the steps.

    Cascade

    Icon

  • Segmented Waterfall (分岐瀑)

    Waterfalls that water falls in separate streams
    Most of them look delicate and gentle.

    funki*

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    funki*
  • Block Waterfall (渓流瀑)

    Foaming waterfalls that water descends along the multilevel riverbed.
    Sometimes only those with the longer length of the drop might be called as “waterfalls.”

    keiryu*

    Icon

    keiryu*
  • Subsurface Current Waterfall (潜流瀑)

    Waterfalls that underflow water springs out of the middle of the cliff
    Regardless of the size,
    they look mysterious

    senryu*

    Icon

    senryu*
  • Fan Waterfall (滑瀑)

    Waterfalls that water falls as if gliding over the bedrock surface
    Depending on the amount of water,
    it looks like a fan-shaped or thread-shaped.

    katsu*

    Icon

    katsu*
※Top [of a waterfall]: Place where waterfall begins to fall
※Plunge pool: Pool where a waterfall is leading into

Tips for Waterfall Tour

For Safe Waterfall Tour ─Commentary on Challenge Level and Necessary Equipment─

As you can assume from their formation and types, most of waterfalls are located in mountains.
Challenge level and necessary equipment differ by how easy or difficult the access to the viewing spot of the waterfall is.

  • Super-Beginner

    You can park your car at the nearby parking and walk to the viewing spot within about 10 minutes. No special equipment required, so you are ready when you feel like going for a drive or waterfall viewing.

    Super-Beginner

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    Super-Beginner
  • Beginner

    It takes about 30-minute walk (60-minute for round-trip) from the parking to the viewing spot. You can walk on recreational and/or walking trails to the spot with light clothes such as long-sleeves, long pants, and sneakers as if you are going on a hike.

    Beginner

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    Beginner
  • Intermediate

    It takes within about 60-minute walk (120-minute for round-trip) from the parking to the viewing spot. You can walk on mountain trail directed to the viewing spot. Clothes and equipment for one-day light mountain climbing or trekking are required.

    Intermediate

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    Intermediate
  • Advanced

    It takes more than 60-minute walk (more than 120-minute for round-trip) from the parking to the viewing spot including river crossing, gorge climbing, cliff climbing and so on. You might be lost in the thickets or woods because the route to the viewing spot is not clearly directed partially. Thus, equipment and skills for full-scale mountain climbing are required.

    Advanced

    Icon

    Advanced
  • Super-Advanced

    You should fulfill not only the requirements for the Advanced, but also more advanced skills, experience, and equipment of mountain and gorge climbing in preparation for higher risk.
    Also, inquiry to the municipality or local alpine club if the waterfall can be viewed or not is required.

    Super-Advanced

    Icon

    Super-Advanced
※Never fail to pack extra clothes to change!※
※In other words, waterfalls are “rivers running with the drops.” Make sure you are prepare enough for the risks since you might slip, fall, or get wet.
  Regardless of the challenge level, never fail to pack extra clothes in case you get soaking wet.