Article Details page

Trip to Yamagata

Let's know about the safflower more

Transmission of safflower
We are said that all Ethiopia of them traces Silk Road from reason, Egypt in the place of origin and was transmitted in Japan in the about sixth century. It was said that cultivation began at the mid-15th century in Yamagata Prefecture, but it prospered as safflower production center where it was number one in Japan with quality, quantity early in the Edo era, and Yamagata product occupied 50-60% of the whole country in the golden age. Fertile land along Mogami River is chief producing center, and it is said that climate that is easy to rise of morning fog made it easy to pick up safflower with splinter.

When Basho visited this ground in the middle of trip of Oku-no-Hosomichi, we composed on phrase of "flower of make-up with Mayuhaki as omokage". We might not talk about Yamagata without safflower at the time of one of 1689.

Safflower trade played a big role in interchange of culture, and a lot of business magnates who built enormous wealth appeared. There are historic spot and museum about safflower and is leaving record at the time in various places throughout the prefecture now.

 Kahoku-cho Safflower Museum
 (Yamagata Marugoto-kan) Beni-no-kura
 Yamadera Basho Museum
 Basho, Seifu history museum
 Yamanobe-machi Furusato Museum

Safflower screen

Safflower screen: Yamagata Prefecture designation tangible cultural property. aosaneikohitsu. Special product safflower of Yamagata known by the name of the once best safflower.
Processing production and shipment, state of distribution are drawn on Details to rokukyokuichiso, 156.5cm in height, 366cm in width by the cultivation.
Yamagata blessed with climate, the soil, water transportation
In this Mogami River basin, why would large production center of safflower be formed?
It may be said that climate, the soil was suitable for cultivation, but, other than Yamagata, is Fukushima, Oshu, Oshu Sendai ・
As it was produced in Oshu spring, pilgrimage around the thirty-three holy places in the Kinki district Higo, Owari, Totomi, Sagami,
It did not seem to be factor that climate, the soil was decisive.

Rather Yamagata and Kyoto and Osaka are goods-carrying merchant ships by water transportation of Mogami River
Depending on this, and safflower merchants with end having played an active part deeply,
We are said to have led to expansion of production center.

Safflower merchants shipped deep red rice cake from Yamagata to Kyoto and took daily necessities mainly on parts of old clothes home with us as backhaul from Kyoto and dealt in widely in each place. Make a profit on going, and even return seems to be profitable, this business called "saw business" it means.

Hina doll (Kyoho Hina Doll, Kokin Hina Doll) of the Edo era taken to go from Kyoto by safflower merchants remains in the municipalities of Mogami River basin a lot, and the Doll's Festival is performed flourishingly even now so as that "to rise of Yamagata young bird", and ya "rises of Shonai young bird" and asks, and to be broken.

Of hina doll ~ Yamagata young bird which Mogami River carried rise; ~

In upward Yamagata Prefecture which valued culture of the Doll's Festival while we were affected, young bird still remains around along the Mogami River in many times.
Proud hina doll is released in home of ten several as well as museum in Oishida that prospered as anchorage and is full every year when we reach spring. In addition, fledglings who are full of Hebei, Murayama, Higashine, Oe, characteristics of the land including Yamanobe color spring of Yamagata warmly. From expression that gangs were different from modern young bird in, we may peep at culture at the time.

Course to carry culture

Yachi, Kahoku-cho has prospered as point of production center, distribution of safflower from old days, and a lot of culture carried from Kyoto, Osaka remains. "Donga Festival" is held as Annual Festival of Yachi Hachiman Shrine, and apparel of court dance and music made ho* in the precincts on the first day is dyed with safflower red-hot.
In addition, we keep Gion bayashino trace as musical accompaniment to color line of shinyokaesago on the second day in some way. Each culture that we came across in the Edo era becomes figure which matched the land in the present age and is still inherited.

"Hayashi Family Bugaku Performings" of Hayashiya transmission from father to son that is Shinto priest of Yachi Hachiman Shrine from generation to generation. It is important intangible cultural asset of country and it is unbroken and conveys court dance and music performed in Kyoto and Namba on the northeastern ground.

East sekiwake "Mogami safflower of Dewa"


Countries product choice sumo (Hebei municipality center library possession)

East sekiwake "Mogami safflower of Dewa" west sekiwake "blue beryl of Awa" is given by "countries product choice sumo" that took up national excellent article for sale ranking as two major production centers of dye. We understand well that it was provided with popularity and product value to around it.
Current safflower
Safflower production of Yamagata Prefecture receives big blow by the import of Chinese safflower such as Sichuan products becoming popular when it is the Meiji era, and chemistry dye aniline having spread again and declines rapidly with 200 da in 400 da, next year in 1874, and it is said that we were hardly destroyed in about 1877.

 However, because old seed was found in shed of farmhouse accidental after the war, and it germinated, afterwards of heart people whom there is was revived safflower cultivation of Yamagata Prefecture by hand.

 Preservation society was organized from 1950, and mood of revival increased, and Yamagata Prefecture safflower production association alliance society was organized in 1965, and production was reopened in earnest.

 In the late 40s of the Showa era, characteristic of safflower was reviewed, and mass contract cultivation was performed between Shiseido, and union member more than 800 came to cultivate 36ha in the golden age.

 However, when Shiseido withdrew, demand and production dropped rapidly again, and there were aging and repeated cultivation disorders of cultivation farmhouse while since then accepting demand for some genuine article-oriented dyed goods suppliers and lover of dyeing with vegetable dyes and long-term, the amount of production lasted and tapered.
With safflower
Compositae
Scientific name: Carthamus tinctorius (karutamusu tinkutorisu) karutamusu is meaning of "we dye" in Arabic
Japanese name: Safflower, end picking flowers, indigo plant of Kure
Fame: Safflower (safurawa)
Own cloth: Dry zone, desert, back forty (Central Asian mountainous area, Egyptian middle basin of Nile Zone, Ethiopia, the Mediterranean Sea coast) with a few rainfall precipitations
Cultivation proper condition: Environment that becomes high temperature, multi-sunshine condition so that shoameshoshitsu, growth right temperature 10-25 degrees Celsius growth advance is good. The soil where tilled soil is deep in the soil, and the neutrality to alkalescence are fertile.

Kind
Kind name: mogamibenibana (sword leaf class) color of a flower: Yellow, red
Characteristic: We separated for system from straight species in Dewa convention in Yamagata agricultural experimental station. The flowering beginning is yellow, and color of a flower varies from flower tube part to crimson afterwards.

Kind name: Splinterless Benibana (round leaf class) color of a flower: Yellow, red
Characteristic: We chose system from Dewa native species. Height of a rice plant is low when we compare mogamibenibanato, and there are few ramifications, and stem is big, and leaf color is dark, and flowering is early for approximately one week, and color of a flower is the same.

Kind name: Do; Benibana (sword leaf class) color of a flower: *ohaku
Characteristic: Mutant from Dewa native species. Color of a flower is white on cream, and hamogamibenibanayoriyaya is slow in anthesis.


New kind "summer festival" / "dwarf tree safflower"

Yamagata Prefecture agriculture synthesis research center gardening examination room is raised as kind for cut flowers in new kind "summer festival" 2009. There are many ramifications, and a lot of flowers of ringlet adhere. Color of a flower hamogamibenibanato is the same and varies from senodaidaishoku to sendaidaishoku. In no warming house cultivation, it is the hamogamibenibanato same period at flowering time.

 

"Dwarf tree safflower" safflower had difficulty in cultivation with planter and bowl to dislike transplant with taproot type, but we improved at container and dissemination time by use of chrysanthemum bowl and raising of seedling method, and there came to be "dwarf tree safflower" that outdoor culture with flower a lot of voluminous feel was near. We can enjoy taste of "safflower field" while being in home and shop.

Power of color of safflower

Safrole yellow (yellow) and karusamin (crimson) are included in safflower.

 

 

Cultivation
Inflection of safflower
Safflower which is used for dye and food. They can use petal and leaf, seed and all parts, and cosmetics or medical use are used in wide genre.
There is pigment (crimson) not to dissolve in pigment (yellow) and Wed dissolving in Wed and is used for pigment included in petal of safflower as dye together.
Safflower oil is removed from seed of safflower and is used as edible oil such as salad oil, tempura oil margarine.
Cake or noodles using pigment of safflower are developed, too and are expected in development to many aspects in future.
Safflower which is used for dye and food. They can use petal and leaf, seed and all parts, and cosmetics or medical use are used in wide genre.
There is pigment (crimson) not to dissolve in pigment (yellow) and Wed dissolving in Wed and is used for pigment included in petal of safflower as dye together.
Safflower oil is removed from seed of safflower and is used as edible oil such as salad oil, tempura oil margarine.
Cake or noodles using pigment of safflower are developed, too and are expected in development to many aspects in future.
Safflower artefact

Safflower artefact is used for dye or dishes of dyed goods.
It is safflower artefact made with traditional technique with safflower of Yamagata.


We have rouge (we have flower)
Let ferment by oxygen included in water, is safflower bare nishita dried safflower with yellow pigment. We let you damage epidermic tissue of petal by work "that there is" to leave form of petal as much as possible and oxidize. We use for Safflower Dyeing.

Pickpocket flower
Dried safflower which made yellow pigment deep red pigment by atmospheric oxygen. It is relatively new method and destroys epidermic tissue of petal tissue by work "doing" and is method to let you suddenly oxidize. We use for Safflower Dyeing.

Revolt flower
With dried safflower which just dried petal which we picked, we use for food artefact (we put in bread, side, the udon) mainly. We may use for treatment of blood circulation disorder including poor circulation and stiff shoulder with Chinese medicine.
Safflower seal
Because product using foreign safflower is hard to be able to be distinguished from product using Yamagata Prefecture product safflower, such a seal is put on safflower artefact (deep red rice cake, pickpocket flower, revolt flower) using Yamagata Prefecture product safflower.
Safflower artefact

Safflower artefact is used for dye or dishes of dyed goods.
It is safflower artefact made with traditional technique with safflower of Yamagata.


We have rouge (we have flower)
Let ferment by oxygen included in water, is safflower bare nishita dried safflower with yellow pigment. We let you damage epidermic tissue of petal by work "that there is" to leave form of petal as much as possible and oxidize. We use for Safflower Dyeing.

Pickpocket flower
Dried safflower which made yellow pigment deep red pigment by atmospheric oxygen. It is relatively new method and destroys epidermic tissue of petal tissue by work "doing" and is method to let you suddenly oxidize. We use for Safflower Dyeing.

Revolt flower
With dried safflower which just dried petal which we picked, we use for food artefact (we put in bread, side, the udon) mainly. We may use for treatment of blood circulation disorder including poor circulation and stiff shoulder with Chinese medicine.
Safflower seal
Because product using foreign safflower is hard to be able to be distinguished from product using Yamagata Prefecture product safflower, such a seal is put on safflower artefact (deep red rice cake, pickpocket flower, revolt flower) using Yamagata Prefecture product safflower.


Contents of the "Relaxing Safflower road"

 

2011.07.20
Sightseeing information search

Total:150,201,456 Today:64,092 Yesterday:74,956